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#研究分享#【人类的种族偏见已延伸到了黑白机器人】根据最近一项名为“??”的研究,发现人类对种族偏见刻板印象的倾向正在渗透到机器人世界。根据HIT实验室Bartneck教授的说法,唯一可以激发人们对机器人偏见的因素是他们对人类群体的固有偏见,无论他们是否意识到这一点。巴特克解释说:“对黑人机器人的偏见是对非洲裔美国人的偏见。” Bartneck还说:“人形机器人应该代表人类的多样性,如果非洲的所有机器人都是白色的话会很奇怪。”

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Study: Humans’ racial biases extend even to black and white robots

If you do a quick Google search for ‘robot,’ you’ll be faced with a wall of?. According to a recent study called “,” human’s tendency to stereotype racial bias is seeping into the world of robotics.

Research by the??found that the colors of a robot?—?white and black?—?have a social cue that results in how people interact with and respond to them. The results suggest that people perceive robots with anthropomorphic features to have a race,?and therefore, the same race-related prejudices that humans experience extend to robots, too.

The study’s findings were based on a?, in which participants were asked to perceive threat level based on a split-second image of various black and white people, with robots occasionally popping up?—?it found that black robots that posed no threat were shot more than white ones.

“Robots and Racism” was led?, a professor at the HIT lab. Although there’s no denying that racial bias occurs in every aspect of human life, Bartneck was nonetheless surprised by the study’s findings. “Of course, robots are not humans,” Bartneck told TNW. “Moreover, people barely had any opportunity to form prejudices against certain groups of robots?— the power of the human mind to anthropomorphism is amazing.”

According to Bartneck, the only thing that would motivate people’s bias against robots is their inherent bias towards human groups, whether they’re aware of it or not. Bartneck explained: “The bias against black robots is a result of bias against African Americans.”

We see ourselves in robots?—?they sound human, they mimic human movement, and they experiment with human emotion. Because of this, Bartneck said: “Human shaped robots should represent the diversity of humans, it would be weird if all robots in Africa were white.” Bartneck argued that the creators behind robots are diverse but still, they seem to think robots should be white.

But racial bias isn’t the only discrimination displayed in the world AI and robotics. These types of biases?, regardless of the listener’s gender, people typically prefer to hear a male voice when it comes to authority, but prefer a female voice when they need help.

We’re living in a time of rapid AI deployment, from Amazon’s Alexa living in our homes, to robots working alongside humans. If we don’t question and challenge the biases found in robotics today,?the future of AI is likely to be non-inclusive.

#2019/07/24/human-racial-biases-extend-to-black-white-robots/

 


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